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Pharmacy is an important part of the healthcare system that plays a vital role in the development of medical care and treatment for all individuals who require receiving their medical care. It consists of both pharmacists or doctors who administer drugs to patients either as a single patient or as part of a group of patients being treated at a specific hospital or health care unit. It is usually a sterile environment where drugs are prepared and administered, under strict security measures. Pharmacy also involves administrative duties such as billing, data entry, account management, and ordering supplies for pharmacies.


The field of pharmacy involves several branches which include general practice, hospital care, emergency care, pediatrics, geriatrics, professional pharmacy, medical Oncology, counseling, medical marketing, pharmaceutical management, pharmacy technology, pharmacy rehabilitation, pharmacy research, and pharmacy technician programs. Generally, pharmacists may specialize in a particular specialization such as men’s health, diabetes care, mental health, trauma care, cosmetic medication, women’s health, children’s health, home health care, acute care, oncology, or women’s health maintenance. Some pharmacists may even choose to specialize further into certain areas such as immunology, obstetrics/maternity care, psychiatric medicine, infectious diseases, hematology, pediatrics, nutrition, transplant, biochemistry, biophysical chemistry, medical technology, pharmacology, and immunology. In Canada, pharmacists may also choose to specialize within the fields of pharmacy administration, pharmacy technologies, pharmacy education, pharmacy safety and security, pharmacy law and business, pharmaceutical manufacturing and administration, pharmacy research and development, and allied health. Other areas of pharmacy include off-site delivery, pharmacy support, and patient assistance program management.

Individuals who wish to pursue a career as a pharmacist may work at any establishment that caters to the needs of the pharmaceutical industry. These establishments include chain pharmacies, hospitals, long-term care facilities, nursing homes, shopping malls, corporations, pharmacies, manufacturers, wholesalers, and local supermarkets. Many pharmacists work at these establishments part time or as a full-time employee. Others work in hospitals, nursing homes, shopping malls, chains, manufacturers, and local grocery stores. Regardless of the exact location, the key to success for a pharmacist is to be skilled in the area of medicine he or she is professionally trained in and to be familiar with the various products that are being sold.